Locus Sonus


This revision is from 2018/07/31 17:07.

Professional or marine biology hydrophones are expensive and not quite easy to find. But it is possible to build one using piezo disk for a reasonable price and with decent quality.

The basics of the presented hydrophone is to use two piezo disk together to reduce noise and increase output level. The circuit provide a balanced output and allow the use of great length of cable. It is entended to be used with a XLR phantom powerd input.

Piezo disk are high impedance devices, and although the hydrophone can be used as they are, a dedicated preamplifier can significantly inprove sound quality and improve low frequency responce.

The hydrophones presentent here are inspired by the work of sound artist David Dunn who extensively worked with piezos.

The preamplifier electronic circuit is originaly from Alex Rice, now offline, and provided by sound artist and Locus Sonus Soundmap collaborator Zach Poff.

An aquatic live stream from Zack Poff is present on the Soundmap, or here right from the server.
More information about the specificity of piezo microphones can be found here.

Our first take at hydrophone was a two disk balanced circuit encased between two thick piece of laser cuted plexiglass.

But it was not that good, due to the thickness of the plexyglass.

The second take was better. It use a David Dunn's tow chained piezo circuit, glued at the bottom of a thuna can. The used can was already coated witch provide electric isolation from the piezo disk to the can. The can is used as a shield an solder to the ground wire of the XLR plug.

You will need a thuna can (or of other food, the fish do not matter, but the size do), and two piezo disk.

Using epoxy, glue the piezo at the bottom of the can. The piezo brass part of the piezo must be cuted to fit in. Be carefull that the brass part of each piezo do not touch one another. It is a good idea to prepare the solder point on the piezo before glueing them.

Solder the microphone wire as shown. On the other side of the cable, on the XLR plug, solder the red wire to hot(2), the blue one to cold(3. Using a sharp tool scrap the coating of the can to expose the metal (if yours is coated) and solder the shield wire to the can. On the XLR plug side, the shield goes to the ground(1).

Then fill it up with epoxy resin, or silicon.

This hydrophone is suitable for clear water, but will rust quickly in salt water. It will need some sort of coating to resist sea water.
If you are going to the sea, I strongly suggest a gold coated XLR plug. Experience have shown that corrosion is just everywhere.

The preamplifier (Alex Rice original design).

This preamplifier use FET transistor, and power itself from the +48v of the phatom power supply. It output a balanced signal, suitable for great length of cable.

You will need:

220pf x3

3 M ohm x4
150 ohm x1
1.2 K ohm x1

j201 x3 (equivalent of the PF5102, drop in compatible)

Stereo microphone cable.

A male XLR plug.

The schematic.

Implantation of the parts with the provided PCB design.

If you want to print your own PCB, here are the eagle files.

Last changed 2018/08/03 17:09